In developing websites, developers must possess the basic and advanced interdisciplinary skills and roles. The basic stuff includes graphics or web design, information architecture and copywriting.
Know your media
Whereas, the advanced stuff includes Graphic User Interface (GUI) design; audio, video, and animation processing & encoding (for web usage); flash capabilities (animation, audio, video, scripting); web content management system deployment or content management infrastructure design, development and integration; web applications development, integration and deployment; web server stress testing (focused on how much traffic can a web server running a specific application endure before collapsing); web site security analysis & testing; web site code optimization (which is an important aspect of search engine optimization); and project management, quality assessment, and other aspects common to web development.
Know your security
Developers also must consider certain security considerations such as data entry error checking through forms, filtering output, and encryption. Moreover, scripts can be manipulated to allow unauthorized access to malicious cyber criminals trying to collect your personal information like email addresses, passwords, and protected content like credit card numbers.
Keep your server safe
Keeping a web server safe from intrusion is called Server Port Hardening. Many technologies are used in keeping data on the internet safe when it is transmitted from one place to another. The best example is the Secure Socket Layer Encryption (SSL) Certificates that are issued by authorities to help prevent internet fraud. Different forms of encryption may be used by developers. Thus, developers must always consider web security.
In another light, many developers often argue about which language is best to use in developing websites. As a brief explanation of what it is, a scripting language is a programming language that supports the writing of scripts, programs written for a software environment that automate the execution of tasks which could alternatively be executed one-by-one by a human operator. Furthermore, it is usually interpreted from source code or bytecode. Its spectrum can range from very small and highly domain-specific languages to general-purpose programming languages.
Keep in mind that before choosing a specific language, you might want to consider some points such as your server platform, the server software you run, budget, previous experience in programming, the people working like ColdFusion engineers, and the database you have chosen for your backend. Also, the Operating system (OS) you are using on your system is your platform and your choice of OS may influence your choice of language. These are important items in order to make one cohesive and secured website.